Vegetarian Athlete Article

Tuesday, November 16, 2010

So, earlier this morning the president of VIVA, Danielle Williams, emailed me this interesting article about vegetarian athletes hoping to gain I figured I'd post it here in case this pertains to anyone reading.  I don't the source of the article but all of her food ideas are vegan except maybe some of the Odwalla bars...don't quote me one that though because I've never eaten them. I defiantly agree with the article, so hopefully some of you can find this a little helpful.

by Julia Driggers, RD

For starters, gaining weight for a vegetarian athlete is the same as
gaining weight for any athlete. First, you want to look at what you
are eating, how much, and your training routine. To gain weight at
your current activity level, all you need to do is simply add extra
calories to your diet. In general, an extra 250 to 500 calories per
day can lead to a 1/2 to 1 pound weight gain, respectively, per week.
For example, if you eat the way you usually do, but add an extra 250
calories everyday for a week, at the end of that week you should gain
1/2 pound. Similarly, if you eat the way you usually do, plus an extra
500 calories everyday for a week, by the end of that week you should
gain 1 pound. The amount of calories you choose to add are based upon
the amount of weight you want to gain. If you desire to gain less than
10 pounds add an extra 250 calories to your daily intake. If you
desire to gain more than 10 pounds, add an extra 500 calories to your
daily intake.

Adding calories to your diet is easy. All you have to do is add more
snacks throughout the day or add extra calories to the foods you eat.
It is important that you add calories with healthy items to provide
more vitamins and other nutrients in your diet. Below is a list of 250
calorie and 500 calorie healthy snack ideas. Try adding one or more of
these ideas every day to help gain weight. Also listed are ways to add
calories to your foods. When you don't have time for snacking, this is
a good way to increase the calories in your food without having to
plan another meal.

There is no need to eat more than 500 extra calories per day for
higher weight gain. Evidence has shown that exceeding more than 500
calories per day and gaining more than 1 pound per week is not
beneficial to the athlete. A greater than 1 pound weight gain a week
can lead to an increase in fat mass and a reduction in muscle mass.
Extra body fat and less lean muscle can slow an athlete down and make
it harder to compete. Once you reach your goal weight, continue to eat
about the same amount to maintain your weight gain.

If your training routine becomes more intense, you will need to
increase the amount of calories you are eating just to maintain your
weight. If you are increasing your caloric intake, but are still
having a hard time gaining weight during training, you may need to
focus more on increasing calories during your off-season. During your
off-season you lead a more relaxed life style and it's easier to put
on pounds. To gain weight during this time, simply follow the
recommendations for adding calories.

250 Calorie Snack Ideas

*2 Slices Whole Wheat Bread WITH 1 Tbs Peanut Butter, 1 Tbs Jelly
*1 cup Orange Juice with Calcium AND 6 oz Soy Yogurt
*1 Odwalla Bar
*1 Clif Bar
*1 Whole Wheat Pita Pocket WITH 5 Tbs Hummus
*1/2 cup Guacamole WITH 1-1/2 cup Celery Sticks AND 1/2 cup Soy Milk
*1 Medium Apple WITH 1 Tbs Almond Butter
*1/4 cup Mixed Nuts WITH 1-1/2 Tbs Raisins
*1 Crunchy Granola Bar AND 1/2 cup Soy Milk
*1 oz Hard Pretzels AND 1 cup 100% Cranberry Juice

500 Calorie Snack Ideas

*1 Whole Wheat Bagel WITH 2 Tbs Almond Butter, 1/2 Medium Sliced
*Fruit Smoothie WITH 1-1/2 cup Soy Milk, 1 cup Orange Juice with
Calcium, 1 Medium Banana, 10 Large Strawberries, 1 cup Blueberries
*1/2 cup Almonds WITH 1/4 cup Dried Cranberries
*1 Whole Wheat English Muffin WITH 2 Tbs Earth Balance Margarine, 2
Tbs Jelly AND 1/2 cup Soy Milk
*3/4 cup Black Bean Dip WITH 1 cup Tortilla Chips
*1 Slice Wheat Bread WITH 1 Tbs Peanut Butter AND 1 cup Sweetened
Applesauce AND 1 cup Soy Milk
*10 Whole Wheat Crackers (Triscut) WITH 1/2 cup of Hummus
*2 cups Lentil Soup AND 1 Whole Wheat Roll AND 1/2 cup Orange Juice
with Calcium

Tips for Adding Calories to Foods

1. Add Earth's Best Margarine or other vegan margarine (100 calories
per tablespoon), Flax Seed Oil (120 calories per tablespoon) or Canola
Oil (120 calories per table spoon) to stir-frys, sandwiches,
vegetables, cooked cereal, breads, pasta, and rice.
2. Add Wheat Germ (25 calories per tablespoon) to hot cereals, pastry,
cake, and pancake batters and casseroles.
3. Add Veganaise or Oil-based Salad Dressing (90 calories per
tablespoon) to sandwiches, salads, and sauces on cooked vegetables.
4. Add Vegan "Sour Cream" (43 calories per tablespoon) and Vegan
"Cheeses" (50 calories per oz) to potatoes, casseroles, dips, sauces
and baked goods.
6. Add Silk Soy Creamer (15 calories per tablespoon, 240 calories per
cup) to smoothies, hot and cold cereals, pastry, cake, and pancake
batters, and puddings.
7. Add Nuts (82 calories per 1/2 oz) and Dried Fruit (86 calories per
1/2 cup) to hot and cold cereals, yogurts, salads, cooked vegetables,
and stir-frys.


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